أخبار ألعاب الفيديوعلوم

إدمان الألعاب الالكترونية اضطراب نفسي خطير ؟ (منظمة الصحة العالمية)

تصنيف إدمان الألعاب الالكترونية اضطراب نفسي خطير

سيتم إدراج إدمان الألعاب كشرط للصحة النفسية لأول مرة من قبل منظمة الصحة العالمية

سيتضمن التصنيف الدولي الحادي عشر للأمراض (ICD) حالة “اضطراب الألعاب” وهو تصنيف إدمان الألعاب الالكترونية كاضطراب نفسي خطير.

وقد سبق لبعض البلدان أن حددتها كمسألة رئيسية في مجال الصحة العامة.

العديد منها ، بما في ذلك المملكة المتحدة ، لديها عيادات إدمان خاصة “لعلاج” هذه الحالة.

اكتمل الإصدار الأخير من التصنيف الدولي للأمراض في عام 1992 ، مع الإعلان عن الدليل الجديد في عام 2018.

يحتوي الدليل على شفرات للأمراض والعلامات والأعراض ويستخدم من قبل الأطباء والباحثين لتتبع وتشخيص المرض.

وسوف يقترح أن سلوك اللعب غير الطبيعي يجب أن يكون دليلاً خلال فترة لا تقل عن 12 شهراً “لتعيين تشخيص” ولكنه أضاف أنه يمكن تقصير الفترة “إذا كانت الأعراض شديدة”.

إدمان الألعاب الالكترونية اضطراب نفسي خطير
إدمان الألعاب الالكترونية اضطراب نفسي خطير

إدمان الألعاب الالكترونية اضطراب نفسي خطير ؟ فما هي اعراضه ؟

تشمل الأعراض ما يلي:

  • ضعف التحكم في الألعاب (التردد ، الكثافة ، المدة)
  • زيادة الأولوية المعطاة للألعاب
  • استمرار أو تصعيد الألعاب على الرغم من النتائج السلبية

راي الباحث الدكتور ريتشارد جراهام

وقد رحب الدكتور ريتشارد جراهام ، كبير أخصائيي إدمان التكنولوجيا في مستشفى نايتنجيل في لندن ، بقرار الاعتراف بهذا الشرط بأن إدمان الألعاب الالكترونية اضطراب نفسي خطير.

إنه أمر مهم لأنه يخلق الفرصة لمزيد من الخدمات المتخصصة. إنه يضعها على الخريطة كشيء يأخذها على محمل الجد.

لكنه أضاف أنه سيتعاطف مع أولئك الذين لا يعتقدون أن هذا الشرط يجب أن يكون طبيًا.

يمكن أن يؤدي ذلك إلى الوالدين المرتبكين الذين يكون أطفالهم مجرد لاعبين متحمسين.

وقال إنه يرى نحو 50 حالة جديدة من الإدمان الرقمي كل عام.

وتستند معاييره على ما إذا كان النشاط يؤثر على أشياء أساسية مثل النوم والأكل والتنشئة الاجتماعية والتعليم.

وقال أحد الأسئلة التي طرحها على نفسه : “هل يتناول الإدمان العقارات العصبية ، ويهيمن على التفكير والانشغال؟”

يشير العديد من الأطباء النفسيين إلى الدليل التشخيصي والإحصائي للاضطرابات العقلية (DSM) ، الذي تم نشر الطبعة الخامسة منه في عام 2013.

في ذلك ، يتم سرد اضطراب الألعاب عبر الإنترنت “كشرط لمزيد من الدراسة” ، وهذا يعني أنه غير معترف به رسميا.

تصارع الكثير من البلدان مع هذه القضية:

  • وفي كوريا الجنوبية ، طبقت الحكومة قانونًا يمنع دخول الأطفال دون سن 16 من الألعاب عبر الإنترنت بين منتصف الليل والساعة السادسة صباحًا.
  • في اليابان ، يتم تنبيه اللاعبين إذا قضوا أكثر من فترة زمنية معينة كل شهر في ممارسة الألعاب ، وفي الصين ، حدّدت شركة Tencent العملاقة على الإنترنت الساعات التي يستطيع فيها الأطفال اللعب بألعابها الأكثر شعبية.

واقترحت دراسة حديثة من جامعة أكسفورد:

  • أنه على الرغم من أن الأطفال يقضون الكثير من الوقت على شاشاتهم ، فقد تمكنوا بشكل عام من تشابك التسلية الرقمية مع الحياة اليومية.
  • ووجدت الدراسة التي تبحث في الأطفال الذين تتراوح أعمارهم بين ثمانية أعوام و 18 عاما أن الأولاد يقضون وقتا أطول في لعب ألعاب الفيديو أكثر من البنات.

راي الباحث كيليان مولان حول هذه الحالة

وقال الباحث كيليان مولان: “يعتقد الناس أن الأطفال مدمنون على التكنولوجيا وأمام هذه الشاشات 24/7 ، إلى استبعاد الأنشطة الأخرى – ونحن نعلم الآن أن الأمر ليس كذلك.”

وأضاف: “تظهر النتائج التي توصلنا إليها أن التكنولوجيا تستخدم مع ، وفي بعض الحالات ، ربما لدعم الأنشطة الأخرى ، مثل الواجبات المنزلية على سبيل المثال ، وعدم دفعها إلى الخارج”.

“مثلما نفعل نحن البالغين ، ينشر الأطفال استخدام التكنولوجيا الرقمية على مدار اليوم ، أثناء القيام بأشياء أخرى.”

الراي الشخصي

انا شخصيا اعتبر الالعاب الالكترونية سلاح ذو حدين

حيث انه بامكانك استعماله لصالحك و الاستمتاع بوقتك

و بامكانك استعماله ضدها ايضا بادمان هذه الالعاب و احتكارها عى معظم وقتك الذي بدوره يفسد حياتك الاجتماعية

و اتمنى ان تعطونا ارائكم حول الموضوع في التعليقات

مصادر : هنا

مواضيع ذات صلة: هنا

الوسوم

NEO

مهووس بمجال التقنية و التكنولوجيا هدفي تاسيس شركة لتطوير الالعاب و مدمن العاب الكترونية

مقالات ذات صلة

‫222 تعليقات

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